Contra Costa County Wine Heritage

Tasting notes, varietals, grapes - anything related to wine
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"Evangelho Vineyard" and the 2021 Drought

#451 Post by Drew Goin »

Morgan Twain-Peterson MW of Bedrock Wine Company posted the following on his Facebook page on August 10th:


"Start of Carignan harvest at 'Evangelho'. Picking historically light crop for ourselves, Ridge, Neyers and Desire Lines. Not sure if a lot of these vines will make another year without some winter rainfall as we have had less than 5” the last two winters combined. Precious bounty to be sure."

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The following graph depicts 4.47 inches of total precipitation, as measured by a tipping-head rain gauge situated at the Ironhouse Sanitary District in Oakley, near Big Break, between mid-August, 2020, and the end of June, 2021.
Screenshot_2021-08-13-16-14-11(1).png
Rainfall data from Los Medanos to the West of "Evangelho" reported 4.7 inches of total rainfall during the same time period.


Bedrock Wine Company website:
https://bedrockwineco.com/
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2021 Vintage Begins for Three Wine Company

#452 Post by Drew Goin »

It appears that the 2021 harvest is beginning in eastern Contra Costa County.

On August 12th, Three Wine Company shared a photo of the first of 2021's Contra Costa Zinfandel grapes on Facebook:

234733880_222094079922517_5349273856461751408_n.jpg

Erin & Matt Cline hosted a FB Live video on July 22nd, previewing the release of their 2018 old-vine "Field Blend" red and describing local weather conditions.

According to Matt, veraison was nearly complete in Oakley's "Live Oak/Mazzoni Vyd". He said that harvest usually occurs 45 days after veraison. The yields in 2020 were about 50% in volume compared to most vintages. 2020's harvest began around August 14th, and '21 was expected to mirror this.


The ~20 minute recording is available on the winery's Facebook page.


Three Wine Company website:
https://threewinecompany.com/
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CCWG is WineMaker Mag's '21 "Club of the Year"

#453 Post by Drew Goin »

According to an August 13th, email from treasurer Alan Turner, home winemaking club Contra Costa Wine Group won the WineMaker Magazine top honor this year:


"Contra Costa Wine Group is WineMaker Magazine’s 2021 Club of the Year
(That’s now 7 years in a row!)

"...There were 162 entries submitted to WineMaker by 26 CCWG members. With a Gold given 3 points, Silver 2 points and Bronze given 1 point, we accrued a total of 124 points...".

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Oakley's 2021 Harvest

#454 Post by Drew Goin »

Romick in Oakley blog
"The 2021 Grape Harvest has started in Oakley"

by Kevin Romick
August 17, 2021

"Have you seen those vines burdened with a heavy load of grapes? Yep, they’re ready to harvest and it appears like another good year for California wine. Generally the harvest starts around Labor Day in Oakley, the August heat wave has pushed the start of the harvest ahead a bit. Growers and winemakers are checking sugar content daily to determine which vineyard will be picked next...".

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"Evangelho" in Food & Wine Mag's "17 CA Vineyards"

#455 Post by Drew Goin »

The August, 2021, issue of Food & Wine magazine lists seventeen important Californian vineyards. Among them, at #14, is the "Evangelho Vineyard".


Food and Wine
"The 17 Most Important California Vineyards All Wine Lovers Need to Know"

by Jonathan Cristaldi
August 24, 2021

"...When developers and officials in Contra Costa County made a push to raze Evangelho Vineyard and use the land to build apartments, they didn't know what they were up against. In fact, the whole story behind Evangelho, one of the oldest vineyards in the United States, is one of perseverance. Despite the vineyard's origins stretching back to the 1890s, nearly all of their original vines are still intact and thriving. It hasn't been ravaged by age and the property's sandy soils helped prevent any damage from periodic outbreaks of phylloxera. Not bad for a vineyard whose next-door neighbors are a gymnastics center and a tire shop. But of course, the grapes are hard to beat. The breezy San Francisco Bay air helps to keep their eclectic and sustainable selection going strong: Zinfandel, Carignan, Mourvèdre, Palomino, and Muscat among them. Evangelho goes to show that for some vineyards, the key to longevity is a consistency of excellence...".


Some Berserkers challenge the merits of "Evangelho" over the West Coast's other historic viticultural sites (no other Zinfandel-inclusive vineyard appears in the article).

Personally, I question the accuracy of specific details in the above passage:

· When was the "Evangehlo" property directly threatened by a planned residential development? To my recollection, Frank Evangelho was unsuccessful in his fight to prevent the uprooting of vines when

· Sure, I'm being pedantic, but the "Evangehlo Vyd" probably isn't one of California's top 10 oldest surviving vineyards. It certainly IS old but, surely, wine writers are familiar with the nit-picking nature of oenophiles?

· Are "nearly all of ['Evangelho's'] original vines are still intact and thriving"? What proportion of original plantings remain in situ, compared to other Californian centennarian vineyards? As pointed out by viticulturalist Jake Neustadt in Bedrock's YouTube videos, the ancient vines of "Evangelho" are susceptible to damage from mites, mildew, etc. The jagged particles of Dehli Sand do suppress Phylloxera in this region, but other parasites and diseases exist.


In honesty, I am happy that a Contra Costa vineyard was named in a national publication. The area's winegrape-growing heritage needs all the publicity it can get!


Historic Vineyard Society profile: "Evangelho Vineyard"

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Favalora Vineyard & Winery Video - "Sophia Favalora Vyd Night Harvest"

#456 Post by Drew Goin »

Favalora Vineyard & Winery Facebook video
September 3, 2021
"Sophia Favalora Vineyard Night Harvest"




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2021 Harvest - "JJ Vineyard" Carignan for Three Wine Co.

#457 Post by Drew Goin »

In the cool darkness, Carignan grapes were harvested today from the "JJ Vineyard"* in Oakley, CA, for Three Wine Company:

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Three Wine Company website:
https://threewinecompany.com/


* I am not familiar with a "JJ Vineyard", within Oakley or the surrounding area.
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Re: Contra Costa County Wine Heritage

#458 Post by Drew Goin »

PART 1 (of 2): Birichino is celebrated for sourcing some of the highest quality old-growth Santa Clara and Santa Cruz fruit.

However, its single-vineyard Mourvèdre bottlings are made from eastern Contra Costa County. These images are from the winery's Facebook page:



The August 11th post features a snapshot taken in the hours preceding harvesting Antioch, CA, grapes for the red wine.
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The August 5th post states that fruit picked around this date is destined for the winery's Rosé. The "Little Big Block Vineyard's"* vines are from circa 1895.
231597142_4280964778646096_5222898216339483502_n.jpg

From Birichino's August, 2019, Rosé grape harvest in Antioch:
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In PART 2, I will share some muddled thoughts on this producer's Mourvèdre bottling - specifically the obfuscation of its provenance.


Birichino website:
https://www.birichino.com/

* "Little Big Block Vyd"??? These proprietary site-names are killin' me!
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"Little Big Patch Vyd" & Birichino CoCo Mourvèdre

#459 Post by Drew Goin »

PART 2 of 2: From 2015 to 2017, Birichino's Contra Costa County Mourvèdre wines were from an old, own-rooted planting that included Carignan and Zinfandel. Another ancient CoCo vineyard became the source for Birichino's Mourvèdre grapes in 2019.

The data sheet for Birichino's 2017 vintage Mourvèdre states that the former CoCo fruit source is situated in a swale, which allegedly provides vines with a measure of protection from excessive heat.

The 2015-2017 vintages of Birichino's Contra Costa Mourvèdre may have come from the Gonsalves family's "Sandy Lane Vineyard" in Oakley, but there isn't sufficient info available to be sure.

In 2019, Birichino began sourcing Mourvèdre from a small old-vine parcel adjacent to Antioch's legendary "Evangehlo Vineyard". Photos taken of the vines make this apparent: power lines and smokestacks are found in the immediate background.

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Initially, it was a challenge determining whether the "Little Big Block Vineyard" was the same as the Sandy Lanes Poperties/Gonsalves family's Antioch property (immediately West of "Evangelho", as shown in the map at the bottom of this post).

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A Google Maps street view does appear to confirm this suspicion. Tall ornamental trees appear in both the street view and one of Birichino's FB photos.

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I am now fairly certain the NW Antioch parcel that Birichino harvested grapes from belongs to the Gonsalves family. According to posts on the winery's Facebook page, this land was planted in c.1895. The vines are own-rooted and head-trained.

* EDIT * Additional Info

There exists the additional possibility that Birichino is sourcing fruit from two non-contiguous Sandy Lane properties, each being North of E. 18th Street in Antioch, but separated by Bedrock's "Evangelho" parcels.

· "Little Big Patch Vyd"? - map shown at bottom of post

· "Driving Range/Sand Pit Vyd" - 2901 E 18th St / 1699 Vineyard Ln


History:

This entire area might have been planted by the Viera family in the late 1800s. They definitely owned the land at the time PG&E's purchase of certain parcels in 1952. Manuel Evangelho, father of Frank Evangelho, acquired another portion of the Viera ranch shortly thereafter. Manuel had helped tend the family's farm for years prior to gaining ownership of 11 acres (and leasing the vines under the powerlines). Today, Bedrock Wine Company owns the "Evangelho Vineyard".

About 100 years ago, Joseph Ruckstuhl owned a large vineyard to the East of this area in what is now NW Oakley, CA.


Birichino website:
https://www.birichino.com/
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"Trembath Vyd" Revisited

#460 Post by Drew Goin »

In March of 2019, I wrote that Vasco Urbano / Nottingham Cellars of Livermore Valley, CA, had bottled a single-vineyard Carignan from an old vineyard in Antioch. The "Trembath Vineyard" was a new place-name for me, a real head scratcher.


This morning, I found a realtor website devoted to a certain address on Trembath Ln, as well as a Vimeo video profile of the property:





Trembath Lane property website:
https://trembathlane.com/#!/

"Unique opportunity for urban farm and rare chance to continue one of the oldest vineyards of carignan grapes in Contra Costa County and enjoy a heritage almond harvest! Two adjacent parcels with a combined acreage of almost 2.75 flat acres...".

Screenshot_2021-09-13-10-18-32(1).png

I think it is finally safe to say that the 2016 Vasco Urbano "Trembath Vineyard" Carignan was sourced from this specific old-vine, head-trained planting.

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I hope that the inevitable sale of this plot does not portend the destruction of its grapevines. The realtor profile states that the land has been owned by the same family since 1867!

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"Evangelho - The Vineyard at the End of the World" - Jancis Robinson WWC21

#461 Post by Drew Goin »

Every year, Jancis Robinson's website hosts a writing contest on different eonocentric topics, accepting submissions from the general public. 2021's theme is focused on "old vine" plantings.

Though much of the content on the Jancis Robinson website remains behind a paywall, the final selections from each annual wine writing contest are freely available to the general public.

One contestant's piece is dedicated to Contra Costa's most prized ancient vineyard: the "Evangelho Vineyard" of Antioch.


Jancis Robinson
"WWC21: 'Evangelho - The Vineyard at the End of the World'"

by Chris Howard
August 30, 2021


It appears that Mr Jake Neustadt, Viticulturalist Supreme of Bedrock Wine Company, shared several insights with the essay's author. The "Evangelho Vineyard" is, most significantly, a living example of pre-phylloxera farming practices.

The passage of time reveals this vineyard's relative strengths and weaknesses. 130-years of life testify to grapevines' ability to endure adverse weather events and diseases/pests pressure.

Vigilant supervision, agricultural maintenance strategies, and conscientious interventions are needed to preserve these vines. A booming suburban population also threatens the old-growth vineyards of Antioch (and Oakley).


Please view the hand-sketched "Evangelho Vineyard" Grid Maps* available on the JR WWC21 webpage

You won't regret it!!


Key for Grape Varieties:
https://www.jancisrobinson.com/sites/de ... 20code.png

Evangelho Grid Map #1 (complete site):
https://www.jancisrobinson.com/sites/de ... %20map.png

Evangelho Grid Map #2 (Block 5):
https://www.jancisrobinson.com/sites/de ... map%20.png


* Though the images accompanied Chris Howard's WWC21 submission, and are posted on the Jancis Robinson website, I believe that the identification, charting, and creation of the vineyard grid maps were the sole work of Jake Neustadt and Bedrock Wine Company.
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Desire Lines 2020 "Evangelho Vyd" Red Wine Release

#462 Post by Drew Goin »

Desire Lines' 2021 Fall Release includes the 2020 vintage of their "Evangelho Vineyard" Red Wine for mailing list members:

20EVRED-683099.jpg

"2020 'Evangelho Vineyard' Red Wine:

"Our 2020 Evangelho Red Wine sits between the zesty 2018 and (modestly) richer 2019, stylistically – linear and fresh like the 2018 but a touch silkier on the palate, with a hint of the fruit sweetness and youthful exuberance that characterizes the 2019. As in previous vintages, the wine was fermented with 30% whole cluster under a submerged cap and aged for ten months in neutral 400L barrels. As I’ve said before, I love the 400L barrel size for Carignan – it retains freshness and builds tension like all large format barrels, but with a less reductive tendency than the 500L and 600L barrels that I prefer for Syrah and Mourvèdre. The Carignan gives the wine a singular juiciness and floral and red-fruit aromas, with a soft tannin profile and vibrant acidity. The inclusion of cluster adds spice to the nose, while the small portion of carbonic maceration and Mourvèdre add flesh to the palate. We model our winemaking after the great cru Beaujolais - wines that are delightful when young but age beautifully as well."


Desire Lines Wines website:
https://desirelineswines.com/

- Vineyards: "Evangelho Vineyard"
https://desirelineswines.com/vineyards#vineyard-04


Bedrock Conversations Podcast
Episode #21: "Cody & Emily Rasmussen, Desire Lines"
https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/0 ... 0536069956

"Husband and wife duo, Cody Rasmussen (Associate Winemaker, Bedrock & Owner, Desire Lines) and Emily Rasmussen (Owner, Desire Lines) discuss their Californian origin story, the early days of Bedrock, and their upcoming Fall release for their own label, Desire Lines.

" 01:24:10 - 2020 Evangelho Red Wine
"
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Inaugural Release - Post & Vine Contra Costa Carignane

#463 Post by Drew Goin »

Post & Vine, a joint venture between Rebekah Wineburg and Erica Kincaid, has released its first red wine from Contra Costa County. This small producer originally bottled a single wine: a field blend from Mendocino's "Testa Vineyard". A Rosé from "Sandy Lane Vineyard" Carignan(e) was launched a few years afterwards.

from the 2021 Fall Release email:

"...A spirit of curiosity compelled us to search out other historic vineyards with old vine Carignane to learn more about how this variety expresses place. We are now ready to share the result of that investigation with you with our newest wine, the 2019 Post & Vine Contra Costa Carignane. From the 'Sandy Lane Vineyard', the same source as our Rosé of Carignane, this small production wine is bright and juicy with a thirst-quenching acidity...".

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"2019 Post & Vine Contra Costa Carignane

"Bright and fruity with a little spice, the 2019 Post & Vine Contra Costa Carignane is engaging and vibrant. Raspberry, blackberry and plummy fruit combine with fresh aromas of crushed rock and earthy spice followed by hints of violets and a silky texture. Lighter in body than the 'Testa Vineyard' Old Vine Field Blend, and made from 120-year-old vines planted in the sandy soils of Contra Costa, this wine is fun and fresh and can be served slightly chilled.

"72 cases produced"

YJER1238.jpg

Post and Vine website:
https://www.postandvine.com/
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Ridge 2021 Harvest @ "Evangelho Vyd"

#464 Post by Drew Goin »

David Gates of Ridge Vineyards posted the following images on his Instagram page last month:

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According to one of Mr Gates' posts, the 2021 harvest in Antioch was down by about 50% in yields, as the East Bay has been throttled by two years of severe drought.

Ridge has bottled only a handful of wines from CoCo grapes over the past 3 decades. A vineyard-designate from "Evangelho" was produced from 1990 to 1993 (primarily Mataro). The "Bridgehead Vyd" in Oakley provided grapes for a single-vineyard Mataro from 1993 through 1997(?).


In 2018, Ridge returned to the area, and released two old-vine wines: "Evangelho Vyd" Zinfandel/Carignan/Mataro blend and "Gonsalves Vyd" Mataro. In 2019, the "Evangelho" red was primarily Carignan w/Zin, and the "Gonzalves" was Carignan.

I do not know whether the "Gonsalves/Sandy Lane Vyd" wine will be offered again.


Ridge Vineyards website:
https://www.ridgewine.com/
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"Alan's Alicante" - WWC21 Essay

#465 Post by Drew Goin »

On more than one occasion, I have written about how the City of Oakley contracted local grower Alan Lucchesi to excavate and replant a threatened parcel of ancient grapevines in order to guarantee their continued survival.

Christina Rasmussen, owner of Little Wine, wrote an essay on the Oakley Vineyard Transplant Project for Jancis Robinson's 2021 Wine Writing Contest.


WWC21 Rasmussen C - Alicante.jpg

In "Alan's Alicante", author Christina Rasmussen details how local vineyard owner and manager Alan Lucchesi and his team went about digging up, transporting, and replanting 2,300 teinturier grapevines.


Jancis Robinson
"WWC21: Alan's Alicante, California"

by Christina Rasmussen
August 26, 2021

"...Alan [Lucchesi], I discovered, is one of the farmers whose family has been tending vines for decades. In the 1930s, his grandparents emigrated to the United States from Lucca, Tuscany. They bought some land in Oakley, where they planted grapevines, almonds and apricots...It was in 1982 that Fred Cline, one of the grandchildren of Valeriano Jacuzzi, set up Cline Cellars...At the same time, Alan Lucchesi had begun taking the reins from his parents. Alan reflected,

“'I began working for Fred in 1990; I was just helping him to man a few fields around here, and then I also started to sell some grapes to him. At first, it was just Fred, but soon after Bonny Doon and Ridge started coming into the area.'

"In addition to planting new vineyards in the 90s, Alan also safeguarded the old vines, and leased other vineyards. Today, he farms 700 acres. This might sound like a lot, but it’s estimated that the vineyard plantings of Oakley have diminished by two thirds over the past 100 years, with half of the region’s vineyards having been ripped up since 1980...".

Al Lucchesi in Vyd.png

The author learns how centennarian grape vines were reestablished, in the "Walnut Meadows Vineyard", a few hundred yards from their original home. Alan Lucchesi relates the circumstances* that required uprooting over 2,000 Alicante Bouschet vines, as well as the steps taken by mayor Kevin Romick and city council members to protect the vines.


"...In early March 2011, Alan and a group of fellow workers dug up the 2,300 sleeping beauty Alicante Bouschet vines.

“'You have to transplant around March—not while they’re growing, or they’ll never make it. You have to do it when they’re still sleeping.'

"Using backhoes, they took the vines out of their original home, and drove them 1.5 miles down the road to their new home—a narrow five-acre patch of land right next to a new housing development. Incredibly, when it came to replanting the vines, the ten-foot holes were dug by hand.

"...The vines’ root systems were between 15 and 20 feet long. As it would have been almost impossible to dig 20-foot holes, some roots had to be trimmed a bit shorter; not all that dissimilar to trimming roots when you receive plants from the nursery.

“'That’s okay. They still take off. The feeder roots sit higher, and all of the main root balls were still there. It’s the vines themselves that are now 115 years old, after all. We dug by hand because you need to make sure the vines fit right. You can’t just squish them in, because the roots are all different sizes; like spider legs; you need to dig around them and turn the vines around in the hole. And it’s pretty easy to dig sand, it’s not like hard dirt. You dig that hole pretty fast.'

"...He added that aside from being watered when planted, they are unirrigated, and organically tended.

“'What was the rate of survival?' I wondered.

“'I don’t think we lost a single vine'...".

WWC21 Rasmussen C - resized Alicante photo.jpg

* The City of Oakley originally contracted the vineyard transplant because a power substation was slated to be built where the vines first grew.

In 2007, Antioch's "Evangelho Vineyard" had lost a parcel of 1,000 vines due to the demands of area growth.

Ironically, in both cases, the infrastructure plans ended up being cancelled!



More on Oakley's Vineyard Transplant Project:

Wine Berserkers
"Saving Old Vineyards - Economic vs Heritage" thread
Early thread entry about transplantation / "Walnut Oaks Vineyard"

March 7, 2018

"Saving Old Vineyards - Economic vs Heritage" thread
"Vine Transplantation - 10 Years Later?"

August 4, 2021
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Re: Contra Costa County Wine Heritage

#466 Post by john enea »

delete

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Re: 2021 Harvest - "JJ Vineyard" Carignan for Three Wine Co.

#467 Post by Drew Goin »

Drew Goin wrote: September 11th, 2021, 10:52 am In the cool darkness, Carignan grapes were harvested today from the "JJ Vineyard"* in Oakley, CA, for Three Wine Company...

* I am not familiar with a "JJ Vineyard", within Oakley or the surrounding area.
Looking at other photos posted to social media later the same day, I believe that the "JJ Vineyard" is the same site as the "José/Emerson/Lucchesi Vineyard", located within the Dutch Slough Preserve.

241756097_244610931004165_6850261235704468954_n~2.jpg
241811075_244610917670833_6306123655034943568_n~2.jpg

The "JJ" in "JJ Vineyard" likely stands for "Joaquin José", an Oakley citizen credited with establishing the vineyard over 100 years ago:

from "'Lucchesi Vineyard' @ Oakley's Dutch Slough Preserve", posted on June 14, 2021

"...The Vineyard with 3 Names:

· 'Lucchesi Vineyard' - Three Wine Company pays homage to area vineyard manager and grower Alan Lucchesi by evoking his name on Carignan bottlings from the Dutch Slough vines;

· 'Emerson Vineyard' - City of Oakley documents reference the Emerson family, historic cattle/dairy farmers and previous owners of 1/3 portion Dutch Slough Preserve which included the vineyard;

· 'José Vineyard' - Local citizens occasionally use the name of Joaquin José, who is said to have planted the site, to refer to the vineyard."



Three Wine Company has bottled a single-vineyard "Lucchesi Vineyard" Carignan from this 13 acre, own-rooted site for several years.

In 2014, a Carignan was produced from the "Bigelow Vineyard" on Neroly Rd instead. I do not know the reason for the switch.


Three Wine Company website:
https://threewinecompany.com/
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Wilson Foreigner "Del Barba" Zinfandel

#468 Post by Drew Goin »

The following is from a Wilson Foreigner email sent today. The winery has produced a vineyard-designated Zinfandel from Contra Costa County for several years.

"Our 2018 'Del Barba Vineyard' Zinfandel was named one of the 'Year's Best Zinfandels and Mixed Blacks' in Wine & Spirits magazine (June 2020 issue). With less than 15 cases remaining, make sure to stock up for the upcoming holidays!
Click to see spoiler:
Use code CHEERS to receive 40% off your purchase.


2018 Wilson Foreigner Zinfandel 'Del Barba Vineyard', Contra Costa County:

"Ripe fruit aromatics, juicy berry and stone fruit flavors, and a finely grained texture. Full of sunshine. Will pair with absolutely anything on your table this Fall. 230 cases produced, $32 per bottle."


"91 Points Wine & Spirits:

"'Wilson Foreigner is a partnership between Napa-based David Wilson and “foreigner” Chris Alheit, a South African vintner. They’re sourcing fruit throughout northern California for several wines, including this one, from an Oakley vineyard planted in 1910 and managed by the same family for three generations. It is a delightful wine in its youth, crunchy in its sweet cherry and red plum flavors, emphasizing delicacy and charm over heat and power. It seems years from peak expression; cellar. (230 cases)'

— Patrick Comiskey, Senior Correspondent"


Wilson Foreigner website:
http://www.wilsonforeigner.com/


* EDIT *

The 2019 vintage of Wilson Foreigner's Contra Costa Zin was released on November 3, 2021. These details are from the winery's 2021 Release email:


"...2019 Wilson Foreigner Zinfandel, 'Del Barba Vineyard', Contra Costa County

"The Zinfandel comes from a historic vineyard site in Contra Costa County, owned and managed by the past four generations of the Del Barba family. The vines are own-rooted and growing in the deep granitic sands of Oakley near the San Joaquin and Sacramento River deltas.

"The 2019 season yielded beautifully uniform and even-ripening clusters of Zinfandel. Our parcel was harvested at dawn on the thirtieth of August. Fifteen percent of the fruit was left as whole cluster, while the balance was de-stemmed, all went in to a concrete fermenter. Fermentation occurred with ambient yeasts and the must was pressed seventeen days after harvest. Primary and malolactic fermentation finished in neutral French oak barrels, no additions were made except for sulfur dioxide, and the wine was bottled without any fining or filtration.

"The wine has delicate aromatics, ripe berry, dried herb, and powdered cacao characteristics, all framed by the finely grained texture that this vineyard shows every year...".
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Two Contra Costa Red Field Blends

#469 Post by Drew Goin »

Recently, Sonoma Valley's Abbot's Passage and Beauregard Vineyards/The Lost Weekend (Santa Cruz Mountains) each have released bottlings from old-growth Contra Costa vineyards. Unfortunately, producers often are reluctant to identify their fruit sources.


· Abbot's Passage 2019 "Verdant Wild"

"The fruit for this wine was sourced from 100+ year-old vines of the historic Contra Costa AVA, where these verdant vines are rooted in well-drained, sandy soils. The grapes weather heat spikes during the day with cooling breezes of the Sacramento Delta & San Francisco Bay soothing them at night. This broad temperature shift allows the fruit an extended ripening period, leading to more balanced wines.

"This blend of Mourvèdre & Carignan delivers a beautiful brightness of dried cranberry and pomegranate, complimented by savory notes of forest floor & cedar that linger on the smooth, fine finish. After a five-day cold soak & 21-day maceration via gentle pumpovers, the wine was aged for 14 months in 35% new French oak."

69% Mourvèdre, 31% Carignan
14.2% ABV
472 cases

Abbot's Passage "Verdant Wild" Instagram post

Winery Link: https://www.abbotspassage.com/product/2 ... b39fae039a



· Beauregard Vineyards 2020 Lost Weekend Field Blend

The winery website does not provide details on the vinification methods used in making this Contra Costa-sourced bottling, nor is a breakdown of its component varieties listed. Beauregard purchased Zinfandel, Carignan, and Mourvedre grapes from a 135-year-old vineyard. The Edible Monterey Bay article states that the grapes composing the Lost Weekend Field Blend, a second label from Beauregard Vineyards, were from the "Sandy Lane Vineyard".


Wine Industry Advisor
"Beauregard Vineyards Embarks on 76th Harvest in the Santa Cruz Mountains"

September 1, 2021

IMG_5744.jpg

Edible Monterey Bay
"Grape Harvest Begins on the Central Coast"

by Laura Ness
August 17, 2021

"...Among the first wineries in the region to bring in grapes for Harvest 2021 was Beauregard Vineyards for Ryan’s second label, The Lost Weekend. Beauregard trucked in gorgeous old vine Carignan and Mourvèdre from 'Sandy Lane Vineyard' in Contra Costa County on August 11, to make their Lost Weekend Rosé. It was a night pick and the photos were amazing. Tasting Room Manager, Michael Phillips, says, 'We are also producing our Lost Weekend Red from that vineyard this year, which is an Old Vine Field Blend, based on Zinfandel, and coming in as soon as this week'...".


Winery Link: https://www.beauregardvineyards.com/pro ... maxRows=12&


Abbot's Passage website:
https://www.abbotspassage.com/

Beauregard / The Lost Weekend website:
https://www.beauregardvineyards.com/
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Revolution Wines 2019 "Horse Ranch Vyd" Alicante Bouschet

#470 Post by Drew Goin »

The "Horse Ranch Vineyard" in Antioch, CA, has been mentioned on this thread in the past. Revolution Winery & Kitchen's 2019 Alicante Bouschet was sourced exclusively from this old-growth Contra Costa vineyard.

19ALC.jpg

Revolution Wines 2019 Alicante Bouschet

"Vineyard Notes: Gary Gonsalves farms about 100 acres of grapes in Contra Costa County, many of them 100+ year old plantings of intermixed Carignane, Cinsault, Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Grenache & Alicante Bouschet, among others.

"'Horse Ranch Vineyard' lies within the city of Antioch, less than a mile from the famous 'Evangelho Vineyard' & on the same dry sandy soil. It is a mixture of Mourvedre, Carignane & Alicante Bouschet planted around the turn of the 20th century.
Alicante itself is an interesting grape - one of the few teinturier varieties, meaning the flesh of the grape is also red. This gives it an intensity of color that is hard to match.

"Cellar Notes: For the second year in a row, we brought in 1 ton of these grapes & used a no-intervention approach in our winemaking. The bunches were foot-treaded into a macrobin with no sulfur or any other additions for a natural fermentation. The wine reached dryness in 15 days & was pressed to tank 2 days later. It was then racked into neutral oak - again without additions - until May of 2021, when it was bottled with no filtration.

"Tasting Notes: A deep, dense wine with aromas of dark cherries, blackberry, coffee & dark chocolate, with grace notes of nutmeg & allspice. In the mouth, it is equally complex, with a juicy fruit attack, savory black olive notes & cocoa-like tannins on the finish."

Instagram post highlighting the release of the 2019 "Horse Ranch Vyd" Alicante Bouschet: Link


Revolution Winery produces about 15 other bottlings, as well as various wines in cans. The "Horse Ranch Vyd" Ali Bou is currently its only Contra Costa County wine.

I have not determined the precise location of this vineyard.


Revolution Winery & Kitchen website:
http://rev.wine/
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Fine Disregard's "Pato Vyd" Mataro on The Wine Makers Podcast

#471 Post by Drew Goin »

With its Spring 2019 Release, Fine Disregard Wine Co. first launched a single-vineyard Contra Costa Mataro (Mourvèdre):

Drew Goin wrote: March 9th, 2019, 7:19 pm "...Mataro is something we’ve wanted to make for a long time. We drink a lot of it, especially from Contra Costa, and were giddy as schoolboys (or schoolgirls) when we had the opportunity to work with the 'Pato Vineyard' and its century old vines. Not only is the vineyard farmed so conscientiously, it's where California icons like Ridge, Rosenblum, and, most recently, Bedrock, have all made wine. It's a privilege to be a part of that history...."
Click to see spoiler:
Fine Disregard Wine Company website:
https://www.finedisregardwine.com

* Update *

From the Release email:


"...2017 'PATO VINEYARD' MATARO - Contra Costa County

"From dry-farmed, own-rooted vines planted around the turn of the 20th Century in the renowned Delhi Blow Sands of Contra Costa County, and immaculately farmed by our good friend Morgan Twain-Peterson. This is a bit of an outlier for 'CoCo' Mataro. There are the expected supple tannins from the region’s beach-like soils. But the vineyard is also a bit more inland from the cooling reach of the California Delta. As such, there’s a higher tone to the aromatics, with a top note of spice overlaying a core of tangy fruit.

"bing cherry, pomegranate, rose petal, allspice

"13.7% Alc."


Fine Disregard has produced a couple of vintages of "Pato Vineyard" Mataro (Mourvèdre). On The Wine Makers podcast, Mike Schieffer shares how he and Kara Maraden gained access to this legendary old-vine site. He also discusses the difference between the "Pato Vyd" and vineyards in closer proximity to the Sacramento Delta:


The Wine Makers on Radio Misfits
Episode 176: Fine Disregard"

December 25, 2020

> At the 42-minute mark in the interview, Mike talks about the "Pato Vineyard" and Contra Costa Mataro.

PatoVineyard.2_x500~2.jpg

The "Pato Vineyard", named in honor of Rich Pato, is adjacent to Diablo Water District's Randall-Bold Treatment Plant in Oakley, CA. The diminutive "Mori Vyd" is situated on the same city block. The "Planchon Vyd", found across the street from the "Pato Vyd", is immediately South of the SW corner of Laurel Rd and Empire Ave.


Historic Vineyard Society profile: "Pato Vineyard


Fine Disregard website:
https://www.finedisregardwine.com


James Kennedy's "Contra Costa Vineyards" for Google Maps:
https://goo.gl/maps/vwnMiV4Lu2CZ6g6L6
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Small Production Wines from Contra Costa Vineyards

#472 Post by Drew Goin »

Below are several newer small-production wines created from Contra Costa County grapes:

42df2780-8bfd-441e-b1cf-79597f035f2b.jpg

· El Vaquero Winery:
https://www.elvaquerowinery.com/

- 2019 "One-Eyed Charlie" Carignane "Sandy Lane Vineyard" Contra Costa

Instagram/Picuki video clip: Link


· Jambe de Bois Wines:
https://www.jambedeboiswines.com/

- 2017 Mourvèdre Contra Costa, "Castanho Vineyard"

from the winery website's "The Vineyards" page:

"Castanho Farms
Elevation 92 ft

"The Contra Costa AVA is home to many generational family farms. Most of what you see are almond orchards, that is where the money is. The small amount of famers who choose to grow grapes are those with passion and commitment. Castanho Farms is a small family owned grape growing operation in Oakley, CA just south of the river delta. Grown in sand deposits 100 ft deep, 'Castanho Vineyard' has some of the oldest Mourvèdre vines in California. The warm weather helps the Mourvèdre ripen to its full potential, making delicious wine that tastes of dark cherries and pepper."

> Note: The "Castanho Vyd" was planted in 1981. I do not understand the above claim (i.e., "'Castanho Vineyard' has some of the oldest Mourvèdre vines in California").


· McKahn Family Cellars:
https://mckahnfamilycellars.com/

- 2019 Carignane Contra Costa, "Sandy Lane Vineyard"

from the Data Sheet:

"...In August of 2019 I received a text message from a colleague of mine that an old-vine vineyard in Oakley, in far east Contra Costa County, had excess Carignane for sale. The vineyard’s name was 'Sandy Lane', and by reputation alone I was intrigued. I had never made Carignane before; or 'Kerrigan' as every Carignane grower in California calls it. There is countless acreage of it in the Languedoc in France, but in California it is much more scarce. This particular vineyard is over 100 years old and is planted on its own roots in deep sand. It’s impossible for me to explain how incredible it is to make wine from a vineyard that was planted so long ago. - Mike McKahn"


· Vin de California (VDC):
https://www.vdcwine.com/

- 2020 "Invent the Universe" ZED Barbera Contra Costa

- 2020 "Queen of the Galaxy" Barbera Contra Costa

Adam Vourvoulis' Vin de California was featured in the March, 2021, issue of Food & Wine magazine.


· Wonderwerk LA:
https://www.wonderwerkla.com/

- 2018 "Free Your Mind", 50% Carignan (Contra Costa) / 50% Riesling (Arroyo Seco)

- 2020 "Free Your Mind", 50% Carignan / 50% Riesling

According to the winery website details for the 2020 vintage "Free Your Mind" bottling, the Carignan grapes were sourced from the "Sandy Lane Vineyard" in Antioch*, while the Riesling came from the "Zabala Vineyard" in Arroyo Seco AVA.


· Zumo Wine:
https://www.zumowine.com/

- 2020 "Phew II" Sauvignon Blanc Contra Costa, "Evina Vineyard"

- 2020 "Zumito Frizbee" Verdelho/Sauvignon Blanc Contra Costa, "Evina Vineyard"

"Zumito Frizbee" was produced from Verdelho juice pressed over the skins of Sauvignon Blanc grapes. The wine is packaged in 500ml crown-capped bottles.

Fellow Wine Berserker Ken Zinns first mentioned Zumo on this thread a couple of years ago. Tom Morgan's "Evina Vineyard" in Knightsen, CA, is farmed according to sustainable practices. A brief profile of Zumo Wine can be found in an Imbibe! magazine article from November, 2019.


* This is another example of the "Sandy Lane Vineyard" designation being applied to Gonsalves family (Sandy Lane Properties) viticultural sites that are NOT traditionally associated with this place-name.

In my humble opinion, confusion could be avoided if the "Sandy Lane Vyd" name was used only to describe this old-growth vineyard.


Cellartracker link for El Vaquero label image: https://www.cellartracker.com/m/wines/4098343
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Bedrock Winter 2021 Contra Costa Bottlings

#473 Post by Drew Goin »

The Winter 2021 Release from Bedrock Wine Company includes the most recent "Pato Vineyard" field blend and "Evangelho Vineyard's" reserve wine, "Areio e Vento e Amor":


Bedrock Wine Company currently farms these two eastern Contra Costa vineyards. Details about the current offerings can be found in the latest Bedrock Wine Conversations podcast:

"Episode #24 - 2021 Winter Release"
November 7, 2021

· 50:51: 2020 "Pato Vineyard" Heritage Wine

· 58:57: 2020 "Evangelho" "Areio e Vento e Amor" Red

It is stated during the podcast that an ancient parcel of vines neighboring the "Evangelho Vyd" is slated to be uprooted. Contra Costa's dwindling acreage continually erodes under the pressures of suburban sprawl (around the 51:53 minute-mark).

It is presumed that northeastern Antioch once was one large vineyard. As the surviving blocks now are divided between several landowners, this vast field of own-rooted vines is unlikely to endure intact.

Bedrock-Wine-Company-2020-Pato-Vineyard-Heritage-Wine-product-image-457-large.jpg

2020 'Pato Vineyard' Heritage Wine, Contra Costa County

"Planted in the early-1900s, 'Pato Vineyard' sits on the southern edge of the deep sands that define Oakley. One of the most historically famous vineyards in the area, we have been proud to be its current farming guardian since 2014. Always a darker, more richly fruited example of Oakley this year’s wine features a higher than typical level of Mataro/Mourvedre in the final blend as it was an exceptionally strong year for the variety at the site. As usual, a small amount of Petite Sirah adds a deep, dark but suave note to the final wine. Thanks to the supple structure imparted by the sandy soils, this wine can be enjoyed for its sheer delicious factor early on but will also reward some time in the cellar."


According to MTP & Chris' discussion on the 24th episode of the Bedrock Conversations podcast, roughly equal proportions of Mataro and Zinfandel make up the majority of the 2020 "Pato Vyd" red wine. This year's blend consists of only 10% Petite Sirah, significantly less than in prior vintages.

The Zinfandel component of the 2020 bottling came from the "Mori Vineyard", a miniscule planting located on the same piece of land as "Pato". Both old-growth plots are leased from the Contra Costa Water District in Oakley, CA. Turley Cellars also sources fruit from the "Mori Vyd", which is blended into the "Duarte Vyd" Zinfandel.


"2020 'Evangelho Vineyard' ‘Areio e Vento e Amor,’ Contra Costa County

"Our ode to Frank Evangelho (which translates from Portuguese to 'sand and wind and love') is based around the most distinct block at 'Evangelho Vineyard'. Planted on a west-facing slope of beach sand, the block is a field-blend of Mataro, Zinfandel, Carignan and Palomino and always makes a wine that we feel is the 'essence' of 'Evangelho' and this historic section of Contra Costa County more broadly. Fermented in a two-ton open-top tank with 40% whole-cluster and raised in puncheon and dem-muid the wine oozes with dark Mataro fruit and spice leavened by the sappiness of Zinfandel and crunch of Carignan. It was a particularly strong year for Mataro at 'Evangelho', and this wine showcases that nicely."


The "Areio e Vento e Amor" red wine is produced from the most treasured section of the "Evangelho Vyd". Only ~700 vines make up this Mourvèdre-heavy block. The winemaking protocols differ from those implemented in Bedrock's "Evangelho" Heritage bottling. Manual punchdowns, rather than pumpovers, and the use of smaller barrels in the cellar result in a more structured and age-worthy interpretation of Contra Costa's sunny, wind-swept sandscape.



Bedrock Wine Company website:
https://bedrockwineco.com/
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Ridge 2019 "Evangelho Vyd" Release

#474 Post by Drew Goin »

Ridge Vineyards has released the 2019 vintage "Evangelho Vyd" red wine:


"2019 'Evangelho' Red Wine
Contra Costa County


"(47% Carignane, 29% Zinfandel, 24% Mataro)
14.1% ABV "

"Winemaking Notes: Deep garnet red color with aromas of cherry, dried herbs, dusty mineral, and leather. Juicy red berries on entry, medium body, elegant tannins, and a spicy, long finish. JO (2/21)"

19XEV-3_600X431.jpg

"Vintage Notes: The growing season began cool and wet but a mild, dry summer produced beautiful fruit from these 130-year-old vines. The Carignane and Zinfandel were harvested in late August. Mataro required more heat and days to ripen and was picked in early September. Fermented separately, the crushed grapes were pumped over twice a day for full extraction. The three varieties were then assembled by taste and aged eighteen months in barrel. Enjoyable now, the wine will develop further over the next eight to ten years. (1/21)"

"Growing Season:
Rainfall: 12 inches (below normal)
Bloom: Early May
Weather: Warm spring and hot summer days, with cooling afternoon Delta winds"

"Winemaking:
Harvest Dates: 23 August – 3 September
Grapes: Average Brix 23.0˚
TA: 6.68 g/L
pH: 3.33
Fermentation: 100% natural primary and secondary fermentation; 100% floating cap; pressed at eight days.
Barrels: 100% air-dried American oak barrels (100% Appalachia), 15% new, 26% four years-old, 33% five years-old, and 26% six years-old.
Aging: Eighteen months in barrel"

"'Evangelho Vineyard' grapes, hand-harvested; destemmed and crushed; fermented on the native yeasts, followed by full malolactic on the naturally occurring bacteria; oak from barrel aging; minimum effective sulfur; 35ppm at crush, 76ppm during aging. Pad filtered at bottling. In keeping with our philosophy of minimal intervention, this is the sum of our actions."

"Press:
"OwenBargreen.com: 96 Points “The 2019 ‘Evangelho’ combines 47% Carignane, 29% Zinfandel and the remainder Mataro. Inky and intense once in the glass, the brilliant core of huckleberry, smoke and creme de violette all come together beautifully on the palate. With a generous texture and good length, this outstanding, one of a kind blend, will cellar well for another fifteen years.” -Owen Bargreen (August 2021)

"Blue Lifestyle: 93 Points “Fresh and bright Carignane-dominated wine with silky texture and an elegant style derived from 130 year-old vines; aging potential.” -Anthony Dias Blue (September 2021)"


Ridge Vineyards Blog
"Evangelho Vineyard: Ancient Vines Endure Against All Odds"



Ridge Vineyards website:
https://www.ridgewine.com/
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Extradimensional Wine Co. Yeah! - 2020 Evangelho Old Vine Music Release

#475 Post by Drew Goin »

Apparently, I snoozed through the inaugural release of Kate & Hardy Wallace's "Evangelho Vineyard" Mourvèdre!


Extradimensional Wine Co. Yeah!
"2020 'Evangelho Old Vine Music'
'Never Miss an Evangelho!'
(100 Cases Produced)

"100% Whole Cluster Old Vine Mourvèdre
131 Year-Old-Vines
Dry-Farmed
13% ABV"

* Click Here *


Extradimensional Wine Co. Yeah! website:
https://winecoyeah.com/

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Oakley's "Mazzoni" & "Live Oak" Blocks

#476 Post by Drew Goin »

The celebration of National Zinfandel Day may have passed, but blog entries like the one below can aid in determining the location and varietal makeup of certain Contra Costa vineyards.



Grape Experiences
"The California Zinfandel Trail Leads to three 2016 Zinfandel Live Oak Contra Costa County"
November 16, 2021
by Cindy Rynning

"Who’s with me in celebrating National Zinfandel Day (click here) on Wednesday November 17? The Zinfandel Advocates & Producers have a mission to preserve California’s iconic vineyards upon which America’s grape, Zinfandel, is produced.

"...Sent as a sample, I’ve been enjoying three 2016 Zinfandel 'Live Oak' Contra Costa County ($38). The vineyard was planted in 1885 by Italian immigrant farmers, Spike and Guido Mazzoni and is recognized for its 'massive concentration, silken texture and signature core of luscious raspberry to boysenberry fruit.' Composed of two small, separate blocks, the 'Mazzoni block' is mostly Zinfandel in a field blend with Petite Sirah, Carignane, Mataro and Alicante Bouschet with a bit of Muscat of Alexandria. The 1.5-acre 'Live Oak block' is 100% Zinfandel.

"...Comprised of 77% Zinfandel, 12% Petite Sirah, 9% Carignane and 2% Alicante Bouschet, the wine is a true example of ancient vine concentration...".



On a separate note, I felt it necessary to give some overdue attention to the producers located in the western part of Contra Costa County.


Abio Properties
"East Bay Wine Tasting: Luscious Sips"


"...Contra Costa County Wineries

Campos Family Vineyards 3501 Byer Rd., Byron

Bhachu Vineyards Call 925.370.0723 for information on how to visit this Alhambra Valley winery in Martinez.

Bloomfield Vineyards Get a taste at Coco’s (the Contra Costa County Wine Company) at 633 First St. in Brentwood.

Four Fools Winery An urban winery set on San Pablo Bay, Four Fools puts the fun in fine wine by hosting on-going events like Food Truck Thursdays and monthly Sunday car shows. 13 Pacific Ave., Rodeo

Hannah Nicole Vineyards 6700 Balfour Rd., Brentwood

Shadowbrook Winery 1 Meritage Ln., Walnut Creek

Tamayo Family Vineyards They are temporarily closed for tours and tastings but are open for online order pickups. 2155 Elkins Way, Suite H, Brentwood

Viano Vineyards This beautiful gem tucked away in Martinez is located on a century-old vineyard. The family estate is now run by its 4th and 5th generations. Viano is known for casual tastings and family-friendly vibe. 150 Morello Ave., Martinez "


Three Wine Company website:
https://threewinecompany.com/

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Old Contra Costa Parcel Maps

#477 Post by Drew Goin »

The Contra Costa County Historical Society has an unique archive of area maps, photographs, and other hard-to-find records. The California Revealed website includes numerous 19th Century parcel maps.


California Revealed
Collection: Contra Costa County Historical Society
Contra Costa County Tax Assessor's Maps
All Maps:
"Contra Costa County (Calif.). Assessor's Deputies"


All Parcel Maps for Antioch


- Assessor's Map: "Antioch to Oakley - 1882"

"Handwritten and colored map of T1N R1E, T1N R2E, T2N R1E and T2N R2E in Contra Costa County, California. Includes the land surrounding the present-day locations of Antioch, Brentwood, and Oakley with landowner names and school districts."


- Assessor's Map: "Antioch to Oakley - 1885"

"Handwritten and colored map of T1N R1E, T1N R2E ,T2N R1E, T2N R2E and New York Grant and Marsh Grant in Contra Costa County, California. Includes the land surrounding the present-day locations of Antioch, Brentwood, and Oakley with landowner names and school districts."


- Assessor's Map: "Antioch to Oakley - 1892"

"Handwritten and colored map of T1N R2E and T2N R2E in Contra Costa County, California. Includes the land surrounding the present-day locations of Antioch, Brentwood, and Oakley with landowner names and school districts."

1892 Antioch to Oakley Parcel Map 1.jpg

It is difficult to find information about east CoCo viticulture during the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. I marked parcels belonging to known grape-growers with colored dots:


Blue: "Ruckstuhl family"

Ancestry
"Joseph Leo Ruckstuhl"

"Born in Oakley, Contra Costa, California, USA, on 13 Dec 1891, to Joseph Ruckstuhl and Josephine M Sprenger. Joseph Leo Ruckstuhl married Anita M. Kelley and had 1 child. He passed away on 15 Dec 1966 in Antioch, Contra Costa, CA."

"Contra Costa Wine Heritage" post: "Ruckstuhl Vineyards"


Red: "Viera family"

Ancestry
"Cyril Viera"

"Born in Oakley, Contra Costa, California, United States, on 1888 to Manuel Rodrigues Viera and Elizabeth Agnes Whelihan. Cyril Viera passed away on 04 Oct 1910, in San Francisco, California, United States."


Green: "Trembath family"

Geni
"Richard Trembath, Jr"


Images of America: Antioch, printed in 2005, features many photographs of early modern citizens of the Antioch/Oakley area. The three above-mentioned families receive some attention by the author(s).

Google Books:
Images of America: Antioch

Arcadia Publishing, 2005

· "Ruckstuhl"

· "Viera"

· "Trembath"

Trembath Ranch, Antioch, p 65.png
According to the text, Antioch's eastern city limits once were marked by 10th Street. Most local farms were to the East, beyond A Street, along Iron House Rd. Today, Iron House Rd is known as East 18th Street (and Main St in Oakley).

The "Evangelho Vyd", "Bridgehead Vyd" (in Oakley), and smaller old-vine plantings once were planted and tended by families like the Viera's, Trembath's, and Ruckstuhl's.


Antioch Interactive Map:
http://www.antiochprospector.com

Contra Costa County Historical Society
http://www.cocohistory.com/

"Stories of California's Azorean Immigrants"
by Christopher A Howard
https://www.academia.edu/51010064/Stori ... Immigrants


Contra Costa Farm Bureau Monthly, Volumes 1-4 (1918):
https://books.google.com/books?id=2VA_AQAAMAAJ&dq
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Maps & Historical Resources

#478 Post by Drew Goin »

Below are several resources for older newspaper issues and maps, as well as the current Contra Costa Interactive Map viewers. Parcel Quest Lite is a great tool for searching for specific details.


Contra Costa Newspaper Archives

Digital Reel
Collection: Contra Costa County Library
Newspaper Archives:
https://dr652c.bmiimaging.com/index?dat ... %20Library

Contra Costa County Library
Historical Newspaper Holdings:
https://ccclib.org/magazines-and-newspa ... -holdings/


Maps


County of Contra Costa
Maps & Property Information
page:
https://www.contracosta.ca.gov/552/Maps ... nformation

"The County’s portal for on-line property information is CCMAP. Browse to the CCMap Website for information on individual parcels: - Property data such as building square footage and lot size."

· CCMaps site:
https://ccmap.cccounty.us/

"The ParcelQuest Lite search tool allows you to view parcel maps, assessed values, and details about houses in a simple and easy-to-use way."

· ParcelQuest Lite (Assessor Maps and Property Information):
https://www.contracosta.ca.gov/4650


Internet Archive
Collection: Contra Costa County Historical Society
https://archive.org/details/cocohistory

1892 Antioch to Oakley Parcel Map Detail 2.jpg
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Drew Goin
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Changing Landscapes & Historical Maps

#479 Post by Drew Goin »

As previously cited on this thread, San Francisco Estuary Institute's "Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Historical Ecology Study" reveals how different the shorelines were +100 years ago compared with today.

Evangehlo Vyd site c1900 SFEI ARCGIS map.png
Evangehlo Vyd 2021 GoogleMaps.png

ARC GIS REST Services Interactive Map
SFEI Delta Maps Directory
"Base Maps / Tographical Maps of Early 1900s Delta Area":

https://www.arcgis.com/home/webmap/view ... &source=sd


If someone was sufficiently tech-savvy, I'd imagine he/she could superimpose images of Antioch and Oakley's 1892 Parcel Maps onto the modern landscape, accounting for the changes along the shoreline and Land usage.

· East Antioch/West Oakley Parcel Map, 1892
https://ia600902.us.archive.org/31/item ... access.jpg

· West Oakley Parcel Map, 1892
https://ia800906.us.archive.org/30/item ... access.jpg


The 1892 Parcel Maps also could be cross-referenced with the grape-growers named in the following book to determine probable locations of contemporary vineyards.


Directory of the Grape Growers: Wine Makers and Distillers of California (1891)
Board of State Viticultural Commissioners
- Contra Costa County: "Antioch"


California Revealed
Contra Costa County Historical Society
"Contra Costa County Tax Assessor's Maps: Antioch + Oakley"

SFEI
"Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Historical Ecology Study" website:
https://www.sfei.org/DeltaHEStudy
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Antioch "E 18th St Specific Plan" Parcel Map

#480 Post by Drew Goin »

I am including a parcel map from the City of Antioch's "East 18th Street Specific Plan" (Sept. 2001) for comparison with the 1892 Parcel Map image:

East 18th Street Specific Plan Map Sept 01.png
East 18th Street Specific Plan Map Guide Sept 01.png

According to the 20-year-old map's "Current Ownership and Use Summary" guide, vineyards occupied 8 of the 28 parcels.

Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) leases/owns the land its towering power lines traverse. Since c.1955, the wizened vines beneath these structures in Antioch have enjoyed strange sanctuary.

These are the vineyard-owning families identified in the 2001 guide:

· Gonsalves
· Evangelho
· Cutino (Meadows)

The vineyard on Parcel #18, owned by "Gaylord", refers to the Gaylord Container Corporation. No vines grow here now.

On a recent thread post, I presumed that Gonsalves family's Parcel #3 was the "Little Big Patch Vyd". Parcel #15, the Gonsalves' "Driving Range/Sand Pit Vyd", currently is for sale. The Gonsalves family farms, leases, or owns many vineyards in eastern Contra Costa.

Frank Evangelho's Parcel #14 was purchased by Bedrock Wine Company in 2017. The winery leases another 26 acres from PG&E (#16 and #21?). These components make up the "Evangelho Vyd".

"Carla's Vineyard" was located on Parcels #19 and 20. Today, a stripmall (formerly a K-Mart) occupies this land. The vineyard was named for the late Dwight Meadows' wife Carla Cutino-Meadows.

In 2021, only the "Evangelho Vyd" and the Gonsalves family's old-vine plots remain. Scattered PG&E tracts still harbor grapevines throughout the area.


The "East 18th Street Specific Plan" was devised to work around various "constraints within the planning area, in order to facilitate coordinated development of these 192 acres as a modern business park" (i) in December, 1999. The project was finalized in 2001.

The plan's emphasis was on commercial expansion. Only the "oldest" vineyard blocks would be spared (Parcel #16). All other plantings would be uprooted!

Old Growth Vines in E 18th St Specific Plan area.png

Additionally, it was hoped that the land beneath PG&E transmission lines would be secured, via lease or purchase by the city, in order to convert the grapevines to parking spaces and similar low-impact uses.

Final Vision of E 18th St Specific Plan.png

Ultimately, most of the "E 18th St Specific Plan's" conditions could not be met. Nevertheless, many acres of ancient vines were rezoned for eventual Office or Light Industrial applications.

It appears that the "Evangelho Vyd" is destined to become the neighborhood's sole remnant of historic viticulture.


City of Antioch's "East 18th Street Specific Plan" (downloadable pdf):
https://www.antiochca.gov/fc/community- ... c-Plan.pdf
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2016 Contra Costa Vineyard Map - Farmland Mapping and Monitoring Program

#481 Post by Drew Goin »

The California Department of Conservation's Farmland Mapping and Monitoring Program (FMMP) website has been discussed before in this post on the "Saving Old Vineyards - Economics vs Heritage" thread.


CA Department of Conservation FMMP
Contra Costa County:
"Important Farmland Data Availability"


The 2016 FMMP "Important Farmland Map" for the Antioch and Oakley area is shown below. With the exception of the darker green blocks in NE Oakley (Dutch Slough), almost every light green spot represents a vineyard.

2016 CoCo FMMP Map.png
Click to see spoiler:
Key for "Important Farmland Map"
CoCo FMMP Guide.png

The Important Farmland Time Series web tool depicts the loss of California vineyards (and other agricultural lands) over the passing decades (1984 to 2016). Swipe past the first page, as it will display an error message.
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